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  Kelas : 3, Ebtanas (Bahasa Inggris/Tahun 1994)

                                   THE STORY OF THE ALPHABET
          The word 'alphabet' contents from alpha, and beta, the first two letters of the Greek system of writing.
          The alphabet we know today was first developed by the ancient Egyptians. Their system of writing was called hieroglyphics, which means "priest writing", because the priests were the only people who knew how to write and use it. In this system signs or pictures were used to show both objects and ideas. So it was a kind of picture writing. Later, the Egyptians also used signs to stand for single letters. They did it like this : The Egyptian word for water was "nu" and the sign for it was a wavy line. Then they used this sign just for the sound "n", the first letter of their word for water.
          After that came the Phoenicians, who developed a true alphabet where letter alone were used. They adopted most of the Egyptian letters, but some were quite different. Perhaps the letters were taken from the writing of the Assyrians. The Phoenician alphabet had nineteen letters and contained no vowels.
          A great number of nations, including the Greeks, adopted Phoenician alphabet. The Greeks made some changes and added some vowels to it. The Greek alphabet contains twenty-four letters. Some of the letters are the same as we ourselves use, such as the letters N (Nu) and O (omicron).
          When the Greeks had finished developing their alphabet, The Romans adopted it. They also made some changes. They added and dropped some letters and altered the shape of others.

1.   What did the signs or pictures of the Egyptian system of writing show ?
A.kind of picture writing
B.Consonants and vowels
C.How to write and use
D.Objects and ideas
E.Single letters

2.   The ancient Egyptian system of writing was called ...... which means "priest writing".
A.Egyptian letters
B.hieroglyphics
C.Phoenician
D.Greek system
E.alphabet

3.   Which of the following statements is not true according to the text ?
A.The Phoenician alphabet contains no vowels
B.The Greek alphabet was adopted by the Romans
C.The Roman alphabet contains twenty three letters
D.It was the ancient Egyptians who first developed the alphabet
E.Many countries used the Roman alphabet because they liked it

4.   Their system of writing was called hieroglyphics, which means "priest writing", because the priests were the only people who knew how to write and use it. (paragraph 2).
"It" in the above sentence refers to .......
A.writing
B.system
C.alphabet
D.hieroglyphics
E.system of writing

5.   The Romans also adopted the Phoenician alphabet but dropped some letters and altered the shape of others.
The underlined word in the above sentence means .........
A.used
B.took
C.changed
D.omitted
E.shortened

                                                 TANAH TORAJA
          The Toraja are descendants of immigrants who entered Indonesia a long long time ago from South China. They believe in ancestral worship, and one of the customs that is still practiced today is the "death feast". A deceased person is not buried immediately, but kept in a coffin called "tongkonan" for as long as two years. The corpse is treated as though still among the living and offered food and drink. This practice comes to an end only when the burial ceremonies have taken place.
          The preparations for a funeral take a long time and cost a lot of money. People need at least one year to prepare the "death feast" and to notify the relatives about the forth coming ceremonies. These preparations also take account of which social class the deceased belonged to, because only the members of the top and second classes are entitled to the most elaborate funeral ceremonies. On the other hand, members of the lowest classes are not permitted to hold such ceremonies, even though they may have reached high positions in society during their lifetimes.
          The Toraja society recognizes three social classes, namely the highest class or "tokapua", to which belong the landlords and people in traditional leadership positions, the second class or "tomakako", to which belong smaller land owners and people in the middle class positions, and the common people or "tobuda", to which belong the manual-workers and the sharecroppers. The highest class makes up 5%, the second 25%, and the lowest 70% of the population, which according to the 1972 census numbered 316.986.

6.   The Toraja stop offering food and drink to the dead person after .......
A.the person died
B.the burial ceremonies
C.one year preparation
D.two year preparation
E.the forth coming ceremonies

7.   Why are the lowest classes not permitted to hold elaborate funeral ceremonies ?
A.They are manual workers
B.They are share croppers
C.They are lower classes
D.They are smaller landowners
E.They are strict to their customs

8.   There are three social classes in the Toraja society.
This idea is mentioned in paragraph ........
A.I
B.2
C.3
D.1 and 2
E.1 and 3

9.   On the other hand, ... even though they may ... (paragraph 2).
What does they in the above sentence refer to ?
A.The members of the top classes
B.The members of the second classes
C.The members of the lowest classes
D.Elaborate funeral ceremonies
E.Such funeral ceremonies

10.   A deceased person is not buried immediately.
The following words/phrases have the same meaning as the underlined word, except ......
A.quickly
B.at once
C.directly
D.right now
E.right away

                                                  CUT NYAK MEUTIA
          Cut Nyak Meutia was one of Indonesia's national heroines who fought bravely against the Dutch and who lost her life at the front in Aceh, North Sumatera. Her struggle is closely interwoven with the history of the Acehnese and their fight against the Dutch colonial government. Ever since the Dutch set foot in Aceh they had met with resistance and enmity from the entire population. Up to 1871 the authority of the Aceh Sultanate had been preserved and acknowledged by the outside world, including the west. But the Dutch had been waiting for an opportunity to crush that authority and to make Aceh part of the Dutch East Indies, like the test of the archipelago.
          Cut Nyak Meutia was daughter of Teuku Ben Daud, a promirent leader and fighter. It is no wonder (bat Cut Nyak Meutia followed in her father's footsteps, because from an early age site fought bravely along with the men on the guerrilla war front. Site was married to Teuku Syamsarif was sympathetic to the Dutch, and uninterested in the plight of the Acehnese. As a devout
          Muslim she could rot fight as a single woman because that would have been improper. Therefore she married Teuku Cut Muhammad, her first husband's younger brother, who was the opposite in character to his brother. Together with her second husband she crossed rivers, went down ravines, climbed mountains and crawled in the forests in guerrilla warfare against the Dutch. The couple led the revoit which exhausted the Dutch and the Acehnese alike. Exaspemted, the Dutch decided to put an end to this by resorting to trickery.
          One day Teuku Cut Muhammad was invited by the Dutch Military Commander to conte for 'peace talks'. Muhammad accepted the invitation with high hopes, but while he was talking to a Dutch officer he was arrested. The death penalty was passed, but Muhammad was offered the opportunity of freedom if he apologized to the Dutoh. Teuku Cut Muhammad refused so the date was set for the execution.

11.   Cut Nyak Meutia was divorced from Teuku Syamsarif because ........
A.they had no child
B.site didn't love him
C.site had a second husband
D.he was sympathetic to the Dutch
E.her father was a promirent leader while Syarif

12.   What had the Dutch met since they set foot in Aceh ........
A.Refusal and hatred from the Acehnese
B.Sympathetic attitude from the leader
C.Good cooperation from the Aceh people
D.Acknowledgement of the Acehnese
E.The plight of the Acehnese

13.   Which of the following statement is not true according to the text?
A.Teuku Ben Daud was Cut Nyak Meutia's father
B.Cut Nyak Meutia fought against the Acehnese
C.Teuku Syamsarif was Cut Nyak Meutia first husband
D.Cut Nyak Meutia was killed in a fight against the Dutch
E.The Dutch resorted to a trick to arrest Teuku Cut Muhammad

14.   The First paragraph tells us that ....
A.the Dutch had a strong wish to occupy Aceh
B.the Dutch had met loyal acceptance in Aceh
C.Aceh became part of the Dutch in the very beginning
D.the Dutch played a trick to the Acehnese
E.the Dutch offered the opportunity of freedom

15.   Teuku Syamsarif was uninterested in the plight of the Acehnese. (paragraph 2).
The underlined word means ....
A.suffering
B.cruelty
C.ill-manner
D.resistance
E.authority

                                         MARKS TWAIN
          His real name was Samuel Langhorn Clemens. His father died when he was still a child and his family was poor. One needs a living to live. He was forced to leave school and work with a small newspaper as an apprentice. He liked his job, but he wanted very much to write articles. "If only I were given the chance to write for this newspaper", he often wished: His wish came true when use day the editor of the newspaper was absent. In his absence, Sam had the chance to write. He wrote humorous things about the people of his, town. Humorous articles followed. The first articles made people angry; they thought the author made fun of them. It didn't take long, however, for them to realize that the articles meant no harm and indeed were very entertaining. As for Sam, the success of chose early articles made him realize that he had a talent for writing. Thus the way to world fame had been opened up.
          Besides writing, adventure was another thing which deeply attracted Sam. The desire to have adventures made him travel a lot and led him to different kinds of jobs as he travelled from one place to another. He went to New York three years after his first article, and loud a job on a newspaper. Then be vient to Philadelphia, where be also worked on a newspaper.
          He enjoyed the work in Philadelphia, but the call for adventure again took him away from his job. He returned to Missouri. This time be didn't work with a newspaper but became a steamboat pilot instead. It was on this steamboat that his imagination was fed with the experiences necessary for his latter literary works. Much of that be wrote later was actually the kind of life that he had lived before. He was aisle on his steamboat that be picked up the words "Mark Twain" for his per-naine later. The words, which were used by men on the steamboat to report the depth of the water, meant "two fathoms deep".

16.   What did  Mark Twain do after leaving school ?
A.He wrote articles for a newspaper
B.He worked with a small newspaper
C.He worked on a steamboat
D.He wrote humorous articles
E.He worked in New York

17.   Samuel travelled a lot because ....
A.he wanted to become a steamboat pilot
B.he has written his first articles
C.he enjoyed different work
D.he liked adventures very much
E.he needed a better life

18.   Which one of the statement is not true according to the test?
A.Front his first articles, Sam knew that he had a talent for writing
B.The articles Sam wrote made the people of this town entertained
C.Sam's pen-name was taken from the measurement used to report the depth of water.
D.After working as a steamboat pilot, Sam wrote a lot about his own experience
E.Sam's success in writing started when he was absent from his work in a small newspaper

19.   Being inexperienced, Samuel was ... to a job on a newspaper with low wages.
A.apprenticed
B.entertained
C.desired
D.picked up
E.trained

20.   The desire to have adventure made Mark Twain travel a lot.
The underlined word means ....
A.need
B.wish
C.will
D.want
E.talent

                                                       WATER

          Water is an essential component of all  living malter. The body itself consist of more than 70%  water. Water is necessary for weathering processes that convert rock to soil and for the transport for us against the harmful radiations from outer space and the chilling temperatures at night. Water is so much a part of our daily lives that we take all this for granted, we drink it, wash with it, use it to dispose of our waste products and for countless other domestic purposes.
          The widest use of water in some countries is for irrigation. The farmers grow rice extensively to satisfy the need for this staple food. With the programmes priority to increase rice production, the heavy use of water for agriculture will continue in the future.
          Industry depends on water. The manufacture of foodstuffs, textiles, piper-marking, steel industries and the production of thermal power are enormous water consumers.
          Water sources can be classified as either surface water or ground water. Surface water originates from two main sources, rivers and rainfall which act as the sources of water in urban areas. Rain water falling on land areas partly infiltrates the earth's surface and is partly intercepted by plants, white some evaporates. Water collected in lakes, swamps streams and rivers can be used to provide an urban water supply.
          It is a natural tendency to think of our water supply in terms of surface water, but the amount available art any given time in.streams, lakes and rivers is less than 3%. The largest amount, more than 97%a is ground water. Therefore ground water resources still serve as the major source.
          With the growing demand for clean water we have to look for new sources. In addition to spring water, Indonesian cities at present obtain water through the purification of surface water, by means of deep wells, and in some instance also from shallow wells. Jakarta and Bandung are examples of chies that obtain additional water from deep wells. Madiun gets water from a battery of shall Wells, at depths varying from 8 to 17 metres.

21.   What is the use of water for plants !
A.For weathering processes
B.For disposing of waste products
C.For the chilling temperatures at night
D.For the transportation of soil nutrients
E.For protection for the radiations from other space

22.   The first paragraph talks about ....
A.the body that consists of lots of water
B.water that can change into soil
C.water that can be in the form of vapour
D.the danger of water for human beings
E.the importance of water for human beings

23.   Which of the statement is not true according to the text ?
A.Water can be used for recreation
B.We need more water for agriculture
C.Rainfall is the biggest resource of water
D.Surface water comes from rivers and rainfall
E.Technological advances can make more water available

24.   ..... is another way to get clean water in big cities.
A.Making dams
B.Water purification
C.Collecting rainfall
D.Making irrigation
E.Water Supply

25.   Steel industries and the production of thermal power are enormous water consumers.
The underlined word means ........
A.a large number of
B.a small number of
C.a number of
D.little
E.lack of

26.   The head of a university is a ....
A.head master
B.lecturer
C.rector
D.dean
E.clerk

27.   There are a lot of cars for visitors to ... if they want to travel around the City.
A.drive
B.find
C.buy
D.catch
E.hire

28.   A Buddhist priest will sprinkle  holy water on to the couple.
The word 'sprinkle' means ....
A.pour
B.throw
C.spray
D.shower
E.spread

29.   Look at the picture !

What is the name of this kind of sport ?
A.Long jump
B.Shot put
C.Hurdles
D.High jump
E.Pole vault

30.   If you open a savings account, you will get ... on your money.
A.loan
B.credit
C.check
D.investment
E.interest

31.   Jane : Where's Budi?
John : Sorry, he's not here. I think he ... TV in the living room
A.watch
B.watches
C.watched
D.is watching
E.will watch

32.   
The tiger is climbing ........ the tree.
A.at
B.on
C.up
D.into
E.over

33.   Barri : Can I borrow your English bock, Yanti?
Yanti : Sure. But when ....?
A.was it returned
B.will it been returned
C.has it been returned
D.is it being returned
E.had it been returned

34.   .......... Mr. Hasan decided not to buy the watch.
A.If he had a lot of money,
B.Although he had only little money
C.Whereas he had got plenty of money,
D.Because he had already spent a lot of money,
E.Since be had already got a lot of money,

35.   Mr. Rudi, ... house is near mine, will go to America.
A.whose
B.which
C.whom
D.that
E.Who

36.   Teacher: Why don't you answer my question, Didi ?
Didi : Well, I would answer the question if I knew it.
From the dialogue we know that Didi ....... , the answer.
A.had known
B.doesn't know
C.didn't know
D.knew
E.knows

37.   Albert didn't go to school yesterday. He had a toothache. He ... have gone to the dentist.
A.must
B.could
C.should
D.will
E.can

38.   Father : Which one do you want for your birthday present, Ria, a pair of shoes or a dress?
Ria : I'd rather have a dress than a pair of show.
From the dialogue we know that Ria ....
A.prefers to have a dress than a pair of shoes
B.prefers a dress than a pair of shoes
C.prefers a dress to a pair of shoes
D.prefers have a dress to a pair of shoes
E.prefers having;a dress than a pair of shoes

39.   The women over there is my dancing teacher.
Dancing teacher means ....
A.the teacher's dance
B.the teacher who teaches dancing
C.the teacher whose hobby is dancing
D.dancing is the teacher's favourite
E.the teacher who enjoys dancing

40.   Father : Have you done your homework?
Ali : Yes, father.
Rudi : What did your father say, Ali ?
Ali He asked me whether I ... my homework
A.had done
B.have done
C.hadn't done
D.haven't done
E.have been doing

41.   Rina : "I'd like to go on sighiseeing this afternoon. What about you, Rini?
          Will you accompany me'?"
Rini : ... what time shall we start?"
A.Yes, sure
B.Excuse me
C.Not at all
D.Forgive me
E.See you later

42.   X : Oh, Tom! Are you working here ?
Y : Yes, I have been working here for three weeks.
X : ! Oh! Really ?
The underlined utterance expresses ....
A.agreement
B.surprise
C.dislike
D.regret
E.wish

43.   X : Oh, hello! You don't look too well. What's the matter?
Y : Well, actually I've got a bad headache.
X : That's ton bad. You'd better take some aspirin.
The underlined utterance is normally used, to express ....
A.sympathy
B.surprise
C.regret
D.advice
E.wish

44.   John has to do the task but he forgot to bring his pen. Then he asks his friend for permission to use his pen.
Which of the following utterances does not expresspermission ?
A.May 1 use your pen?
B.Could I use your pen?
C.Mind if I use your pen?
D.I wonder if I could borrow your pen?
E.Do you know that I need your pen?

45.   Dina : "It's very hot in this room, isn't it ?"
Tuty : "..., Budi?"
A.Would you be so kind as to open the window
B.How can you open the window
C.Will you open the window
D.Didn't yen open the window
E.Do you open the window



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